Phonetics and Phonology

Course title: Phonetics and Phonology
Instructor: Prof. Višnja Josipović Smojver
ECTS credits: 6
Language: English
Status: compulsory
Semester: 6th (summer)
Enrolment requirements:There are no special prerequisites for taking up this course, except that the student has to be regularly enrolled in the semester in which the course is taught.
Course description: Students are taught the fundamental notions of contemporary phonetics and phonology. The course starts with a survey of the basic notions of articulatory phonetics, with special emphasis on the standard pronunciation varieties of British and American English (RP and GenAm respectively).This is followed by an oveview of suprasegmental phenomena in English. After this, the students are familiarized with the basic tenets of generative phonology, which are illustrated primarily with reference to English and Croatian examples. Students are taught to formulate the most important rules of lexical and post-lexical phonology of English.
Objectives: Students should learn to approach English pronunciation descriptively, as opposed to the earlier prescriptive approach, which they were used to in the course of pre-university English learning. In order to develop this kind of approach, i.e., to learn how to describe English pronunciation phenomena in a scientific way, through this course the student should develop the ability of selective listening and master the basic notions and terms of phonological and phonetic description.

Obligatory literature:
Cruttenden, A.
(2008), Gimson’s Pronunciation of English. 7th edn. London: Hodder Arnold.

Hayes, B. (2009), Introductory Phonology. Wiley-Blackwell.
Josipović, V. (1999), Phonetics and Phonology for Students of English. Zagreb: Targa.
Lindsey, G. (2019). English After RP: Standard British Pronunciation Today. Palgrave Macmillan.

Reference literature:
Crystal, D. (2008), A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics. 6th edn. Oxford: Blackwell.
Pullum, G.K. & W.A. Ladusaw (1996), Phonetic Symbol Guide. The University of Chicago Press.
Trask, R.L. (1996), A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. London:Routledge.
Wells, J.C. (2008), Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 3rd edn. with CD: Person Education Ltd.

Further reading:
Ashby, M.
& J. Maidment (2005), Introducing Phonetic Science. Cambridge University Press.

Gussenhoven, C. & H. Jacobs (2005), Uderstanding Phonology, 2nd edn. London: Arnold.
Josipović Smojver, V. (2017) Suvremene fonološke teorije. Zagreb: Ibis grafika.
Ladefoged, P. (2002), A Course in Phonetics, 4th edn. Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle.
Odden, D. (2005), Introducing Phonology. Cambridge University Press.

Course requirements:
Phonetics and Phonology is a continual assesment course. The final grade will be based on 3 tests, as shown in the table:


test 1

test 2

test 3



transcription of connected speech


maximum score

45 points

20 points

35 points

Several optional assignments will be offered after the first two tests, on which students can score the maximum of 5 additional points (added to the points from the 3 tests).

Obtaining the final grade:
A maximum of 100 points (45+20+35)

92 -100 = 5
84 – 91 = 4
73 – 83 = 3
65 – 72 = 2
For the successful completion of the course students get 6 ECTS credits.

Week by week schedule:

1.  Introduction: Phonetics and Phonology
2. Speech Production: the speech chain, organs of speech
3. Segments of speech: the phoneme as a basic analytical unit of traditional phonology
4. Types of English pronunciation
5. Consonants
6. Vowels: the traditional parameters in the description and classification of vowels
7. English pure vowels
8. English diphthongs
9. IPA sounds and notational conventions
10. Connected speech
11. Acoustic phonetics
12. Phonological theories and models: derivational phonology
13. Generative phonology
14. Prosodic phonology
15. Contemporary phonological theory